Through thousands of years
THE SO-CALLED "HOFBURG" ONCE STOOD IN THIS AREA.
Several of the Habsburgs stayed in Hallstatt, including the Emperor Maximilian I, who came in 1504 "to see the Salzberg". The Court Administration Office was here until the great fire of 1750. The later building contained the Catholic Presbytery, the Town Hall and the local primary school. The Museum of Prehistoric History has been here since 1969.
The miners repeatedly came upon traces of their prehistoric predecessors. In 1734 they discovered the fully preserved "man in salt", who, considered a heathen, was quickly buried. The mine manager Johann Georg Ramsauer (1795-1874) began systematic excavation. After shards and bones appeared with the opening of a gravel pit in 1846, he went on to uncover 980 prehistoric graves and 19,479 finds in the seventeen years following. Although he had no previous academic training, he documented the finds perfectly in accord with current criteria. Before most of his finds were shown in museums in Vienna, he presented many in the Rudolfsturm, in his personal accommodation. The excavations were later supervised by the mining manager, Isidor Engl.