Hallstatt and the Habsburger
AFTER THE APPEARANCE OF THE HABSBURGS IN THE SALZKAMMERGUT, MINING IN HALLSTATT CAN BE DOCUMENTARILY PROVED.
Between 1282 and 1284 the Habsburg Duke Albrecht I had a watchtower built on the Salzberg, and named it the "Rudolfsturm", after his father. The building stands to this day and houses a restaurant. Around 1286/90, the subsequent King of Germany presented the "Ischlland", (the inner Salzkammergut), to his wife Elisabeth von Görz und Tirol, as a belated wedding gift. The Habsburgs fought bitterly against the Salzburg Archbishop; the bloody "Salt War" between 1291 and 1297 was finally decided in their favor. In 1311, three years after Albrecht's murder, Elisabeth gave Hallstatt the rights of a market town. She simultaneously reorganized the salt mining as a state-run enterprise and placed the "Kammergut" directly under the Court Chamber in Vienna. Administration of the region after 1335 was under a salt official who resided in Gmunden. The "Hellerhaus" is one of the oldest buildings in Hallstatt; a so-called "schwarze Kuchl" (a soot-blackened smokehouse with an open fire) still exists inside.